Destination Argos-Mycenae

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Argos, the oldest city of Europe

The historical city of Argos is ideal for those who love art and culture. The ancient theater of Argos with a capacity of about 20,000 spectators at its years of prosperity constitutes one of the biggest ancient theaters of the Greek world. Argos and its surrounding area offer visitors high-quality accommodation thanks to the hotels which are available in the city. In villages near Argos, such as Kiveri and Xeropigado, there are beautiful beaches ideal for the summer months. Beautiful traditional taverns with local dishes from fresh and local products will take off your taste experiences.

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Argos

On the one hand the geographic mark of the city, placed within the boundaries of Argolis fertile plain, close to road axes that link North Peloponnese to Aegean and Mediterranean Sea under the defensive stand of its high hills (Larissa 279m, Aspida 80m) on the other, underlie the main reasons that Argos was inhabited continually.

Argos is the most important agricultural, industrial and export center of the wider Argolis region, due to systematic cultivation and industries of processing, packaging and distribution of citrus products as well as those of building material, marble, distillery and winery, processing and standardization of olive oil, pump manufacturing and package machinery etc.

Argos, commercial center on the region from ancient times, continues to be the area’s trade center even today. Its inhabitants surpass the 30.000 people and that makes Argos the most dense of Argolis Prefecture.

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Kiveri

Kiveri (Greek: Κιβέρι) is a small village in the municipal unit of Lerna, Argolis, Greece. It is situated on the bay of Argos across from the tourist center of Nafplio. It has a population of approximately 1000. According to legend it was founded in 1600 BC by some of the first Dorian invaders of the Peloponnese. Scholarly research finds that the village has been continuously occupied since antiquity, its ancient name being Apovathmi. The recent unearthing of ancient graves (dates still to be determined) do lend at least a little credence to the legend. Kiveri has a predominantly agricultural economy revolving around the growth and distribution of oranges and olives. There is also a small fishing industry.

Kiveri is across the bay from Nafplio and most houses in Kiveri are built with a balcony and have a view of the sea. Soccer is the main sport played as it is in most of Europe.

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Kefalari

Kefalari is a very attractive small village located just three kms from the city of Argos. One of the most beautiful characteristics of Kefalari is the River Elasinos and the amazing landscapes it offers. The River is adjacent to the Church of Zoodochos Pigi, under which it forms a very beautiful lake.

In the lovely green village Kefalari is a church, Zoodochos Pigi / Ag. Maria Kefalariotissa, which is quite unique. First, it is built over the Erasinos River, which forms a lake at the church. Secondly, half of the church is located inside a small cave. There are actually two caves, side by side, the little that is part of the church, and a considerably larger that now houses an icon collection in its mysterious, almost sinister interior.

In 1822, freedom fighter Kolokotronis and his army hid in the large cave before a decisive battle. But he was far from the first hiding here. The cave has been inhabited or at least used since the Stone Age, about 35,000 years ago! Sheep have also taken refuge here, and they were the inhabitants when an icon of the Virgin Mary was found in the depths of the cave. Because of this find, the church was built, and the icon of Mary is visited by hundreds of pilgrims every year.

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Nea Kios

Nea Kios (Greek: Νέα Κίος), is a village and former municipality in Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Argos-Mykines, of which it is a municipal unit. It was founded by refugees from Cius in Bithynia after the expulsion of the Greeks from Asia Minor.

Nea Kios is situated in a plain on the coast of the Argolic Gulf, at the mouth of the river Inachos. It is 4 km northwest of Myloi, 6 km south of Argos and 6 km northwest of Nafplio.

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Myloi

Myloi (Greek: Μύλοι), is a village in the southwestern part of Argolis, Greece. It is situated on the northwestern coast of the Argolic Gulf. Myloi was the seat of the former municipality of Lerna. It is 4 km southwest of Nea Kios, 9 km south of Argos and 8 km west of Nafplio.

The Greek National Road 7 passes through the village. It had a train station on the Corinth–Kalamata railway, but passenger service on this line was halted in 2010. The Bronze Age settlement of Lerna is located near Myloi.

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Mycenae

Mycenae ‘Rich in Gold’, the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon, first sung by Homer in his epics, is the most important and richest palatial centre of the Late Bronze Age in Greece. Its name was given to one of the greatest civilizations of Greek prehistory, the Mycenaean civilization, while the myths related to its history have inspired poets and writers over many centuries, from the Homeric epics and the great tragedies of the Classical period to contemporary literary and artistic creation. Perseus, son of Zeus and Dana?, daughter of Akrisios, king of Argos and descendant of Danaos, is traditionally considered as its mythical founder.

Pausanias (2, 16, 3) reports that Perseus named the new city Mycenae after the pommel (mykes) of his sword, which fell there, or after the Perseia spring, discovered there under the root of a mushroom (mykes). According to the myth, Perseus’s descendants reigned at Mycenae for three generations. After the last of them, Eurystheas, died childless, the Mycenaeans chose Atreus, son of Pelops, father of Agamemnon and Menelaos, as their king.